In today’s time, electric gear pumps have become popular for pumping viscous liquids. That being said, an electric gear oil transfer pump moves oil using a cyclic pumping action. This type of pump works well even during medium pressure. Similarly, in the case of high-pressure systems, the pump delivers good flow rates.
The pump suits almost all types of oil transfer applications because it is very reliable and versatile. Because of its high suction capacity, it maintains a seamless flow between two meshing gears.
How It Works
An electric gear oil transfer pump generally uses the action of rotating cogs and gears. It is these rotating elements that develop a liquid seal with the pump casing. Thus, it creates a suction at the pump’s inlet. As a result, the oil that gets drawn into the pump gets enclosed within its rotating gears. From that point forward, it gets moved for release.
The pump is usually available in two versions. The first is a single phase and the second is the three-phase version. However, whatever the version is, the pump must possess two basic features.
Oils are highly viscous lubricants and therefore, the pump must have great strength to transfer them. Therefore, . The siphon should be flexible to suit various kinds of oil move applications. Hence, these pumps are now a valid and modern solution to the different needs of oil pumping in the automotive field.
The reason why an oil transfer pump should be reliable is that it can deliver a good flow rate even in high-pressure systems. However, reliability is not the only end. The pump must be versatile to suit different types of oil transfer applications. Its high suction capacity must be devoid of pulsations.
Types Of Pumps
There exist two basic designs of an electric gear oil transfer pump that come with advanced machinery. Both of these types have an aluminium body with steel gears.
External Gear Pump – This design consists of two identical and interlocking gears that are supported by different shafts. It interlocks the oil and does not let it transfer back. Moreover, the close tolerances in between the gears allow the pump to develop a suction at the inlet. This design can utilize spur and herringbone gears.
Internal Gear Pump – An internal gear works on a similar principle as that of the external one. However, the only difference is that the two interlocking gears come in different sizes. Also, one of the gears rotates inside the other. The larger gear has teeth that project on the inside.
The most unique aspect of an electric gear oil transfer pump is that it is compact and has a limited number of moving parts. Most of the pumps come with relief valves to protect the downstream equipment.